Rhaetian railway in the Albula Bernina
The UNESCO World Heritage Committee has accepted the Swiss-Italian candidacy for World Heritage status in Quebec, Canada, on the 7th of July, 2008. The Rhaetian Railway in Albula/Bernina connects Switzerland with Italy and is the third railway worldwide to be placed on the Unesco World Heritage List, the othes are the "Semmeringbahn" in Austria and the trains in India. Including this RhB it is Switzerland's 10th world inheritage and is one of the over 890 ones of UNESCO.
The Albula railway was recognised as a masterpiece of engineering from the outset. The Bernina railway immediately became the model for many projects throughout the Alps and the recognised standard for several railways that were built later because of the miraculous way in which the Rhaetian Railway manages to combine a beautiful landscape, the power of technology and the benefits of collaborative thinking. Today it holds a unique position worldwide as the highest altitude transalpine railway in Europe and one of the steepest adhesion railways in the world.
Even during construction they intended to show as much of the beautifully stunning environment as possible. On the train one can see a wide variety of spectacular natural phenomenons, rich cultural landscapes and important monuments. The choice of the line's location was motivated by the wish to make the route particularly striking for tourism i.e. to emphasise the attractions of the landscape. The cultural features of past and present thus interact with a natural landscape of an alpine to high alpine character and one of spectacular beauty.
The unspoilt alpine village of Bergün lies at the foot of the Albula Pass at the gateway to the Engadin at the centre of Graubünden.
The first Heidi film was filmed in the nearby village of Latsch. There are many attractive walks and themed trails such as the popular Heidi Trail or the discovery walk about the history of the railway.
In summer, sports fans can hurtle down from Preda to Bergün by scooter. For bikers, there is no shortage of challenges, with the Albula, Flüela, Julier, Bernina and Maloja passes nearly on the doorstep.
In winter, Bergün is a popular destination for sledgers:
Bergün also has a traditional skiing area. Two chair-lifts and a T-bar lift take skiers and snowboarders up to Darlux at 2552 m. Snow-shoe walkers are also catered for here - there are places for beginners to go near the village. Cross-country ski tracks, winter walks, curling pitches and an ice-rink all promise lots of winter sports fun.
Graubünden is the biggest vacation area of Switzerland: hiking, biking, wellness, Railway journeys and cultural experiences in the world of the Capricorns.
The Canton Graubünden has about 187,800 inhabitants (Switzerland about 7.3 Mio.). With its 7,106 km² it's the biggest canton of switzerland and with its 26 inhabitants/km² it's also the most sparsely populated one.
Only about a third of this is commonly regarded as productive land. Forests cover about a fifth of the total area. The canton is almost entirely mountainous, comprising the highlands of the Rhine and Inn river valleys. Many of its scenic areas are part of the Swiss National Park or the Ela Nature Park.
There are many significant elevations in the Grison Alps, including the Tödi at 3,614 m and the highest peak Piz Bernina at 4,049 m. Many of the mountain ranges feature extensive glaciers, such as at the Adula, the Albula, the Silvretta, the Bernina, the Bregaglia and the Rätikon ranges. The mountain ranges in the central area are very deep, some of which are considered the deepest valleys in Europe.
An original and fascinating way to travel from Milan to St. Moritz, as you savor the unforgettable landscape of the Swiss Alps. The Bernina Express travels through a landscape of glaciers and stone fields. Along this route you pass wild gorges, soaring bridges, fascinating loop tunnels and white glaciers close enough to reach out and touch.
Duration: 12,5 hours
Price: Starting from €120.00 per person
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